English

Code ISO 639-3: eng

Classification: Indo-European > Germanic > Northwest Germanic > West Germanic > North Sea Germanic > Anglo-Frisian > Anglian > Mercian > Macro-English > Standard English

Ressources dans l'entrepôt

Pays ou régions dans lesquelles l'entrepôt dispose d'enregistrements
Région Code Nombre
Austria AT 12
Cameroon CM 1
China CN 16
Germany DE 9
France FR 67
Italy IT 62
Myanmar [Burma] MM 9
United States US 1
Rechercher toutes les ressources de l'entrepôt sur cette langue: English

Propriétés (phonologiques, grammaticales, lexicales) de cette langue trouvées dans WALS

  • Complex Sentences:'Want' Complement Subjects = "Subject is left implicit"
  • Complex Sentences:'When' Clauses = "Balanced/deranked"
  • Complex Sentences:Purpose Clauses = "Balanced/deranked"
  • Complex Sentences:Reason Clauses = "Balanced/deranked"
  • Complex Sentences:Relativization on Obliques = "Relative pronoun"
  • Complex Sentences:Relativization on Subjects = "Relative pronoun"
  • Complex Sentences:Utterance Complement Clauses = "Balanced"
  • Lexicon:Finger and Hand = "Different"
  • Lexicon:Green and Blue = "Green vs. blue"
  • Lexicon:Hand and Arm = "Different"
  • Lexicon:M in First Person Singular = "m in first person singular"
  • Lexicon:M in Second Person Singular = "No m in second person singular"
  • Lexicon:M-T Pronouns = "No M-T pronouns"
  • Lexicon:N-M Pronouns = "No N-M pronouns"
  • Lexicon:Number of Basic Colour Categories = "11"
  • Lexicon:Number of Non-Derived Basic Colour Categories = "6"
  • Lexicon:Numeral Bases = "Decimal"
  • Lexicon:Red and Yellow = "Red vs. yellow"
  • Lexicon:Tea = "Words derived from Min Nan Chinese te"
  • Morphology:Case Syncretism = "Core cases only"
  • Morphology:Exponence of Selected Inflectional Formatives = "No case"
  • Morphology:Exponence of Tense-Aspect-Mood Inflection = "monoexponential TAM"
  • Morphology:Fusion of Selected Inflectional Formatives = "Exclusively concatenative"
  • Morphology:Inflectional Synthesis of the Verb = "2-3 categories per word"
  • Morphology:Locus of Marking in Possessive Noun Phrases = "Dependent marking"
  • Morphology:Locus of Marking in the Clause = "Dependent marking"
  • Morphology:Locus of Marking: Whole-language Typology = "Dependent-marking"
  • Morphology:Prefixing vs. Suffixing in Inflectional Morphology = "Strongly suffixing"
  • Morphology:Reduplication = "No productive reduplication" (réf. Erickson 2001 )
  • Morphology:Syncretism in Verbal Person/Number Marking = "Syncretic"
  • Morphology:Zero Marking of A and P Arguments = "Non-zero marking"
  • Nominal Categories:Asymmetrical Case-Marking = "Additive-quantitatively asymmetrical" (réf. Quirk et al. 1985 )
  • Nominal Categories:Coding of Nominal Plurality = "Plural suffix"
  • Nominal Categories:Comitatives and Instrumentals = "Identity"
  • Nominal Categories:Conjunctions and Universal Quantifiers = "Formally similar, without interrogative"
  • Nominal Categories:Definite Articles = "Definite word distinct from demonstrative"
  • Nominal Categories:Distance Contrasts in Demonstratives = "Two-way contrast"
  • Nominal Categories:Distributive Numerals = "No distributive numerals"
  • Nominal Categories:Gender Distinctions in Independent Personal Pronouns = "3rd person singular only" (réf. Quirk et al. 1972 )
  • Nominal Categories:Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Independent Pronouns = "No inclusive/exclusive"
  • Nominal Categories:Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Verbal Inflection = "'We' the same as 'I'"
  • Nominal Categories:Indefinite Articles = "Indefinite word distinct from 'one'"
  • Nominal Categories:Indefinite Pronouns = "Generic-noun-based"
  • Nominal Categories:Intensifiers and Reflexive Pronouns = "Identical"
  • Nominal Categories:Number of Cases = "2 cases" (réf. Quirk et al. 1985 )
  • Nominal Categories:Number of Genders = "Three"
  • Nominal Categories:Numeral Classifiers = "Absent"
  • Nominal Categories:Occurrence of Nominal Plurality = "All nouns, always obligatory"
  • Nominal Categories:Ordinal Numerals = "First, second, three-th"
  • Nominal Categories:Person Marking on Adpositions = "No person marking" (réf. Quirk et al. 1972 )
  • Nominal Categories:Plurality in Independent Personal Pronouns = "Person-number stem"
  • Nominal Categories:Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns = "No politeness distinction"
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Case Affixes = "No case affixes or adpositional clitics"
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Pronominal Possessive Affixes = "No possessive affixes"
  • Nominal Categories:Pronominal and Adnominal Demonstratives = "Identical"
  • Nominal Categories:Sex-based and Non-sex-based Gender Systems = "Sex-based"
  • Nominal Categories:Systems of Gender Assignment = "Semantic"
  • Nominal Categories:The Associative Plural = "No associative plural"
  • Nominal Categories:Third Person Pronouns and Demonstratives = "Related for all demonstratives" (réf. Quirk et al. 1985 )
  • Nominal Syntax:Action Nominal Constructions = "Mixed"
  • Nominal Syntax:Adjectives without Nouns = "Marked by following word"
  • Nominal Syntax:Genitives, Adjectives and Relative Clauses = "Highly differentiated"
  • Nominal Syntax:Nominal and Verbal Conjunction = "Identity"
  • Nominal Syntax:Noun Phrase Conjunction = "'And' different from 'with'"
  • Nominal Syntax:Number of Possessive Nouns = "None reported"
  • Nominal Syntax:Obligatory Possessive Inflection = "Absent"
  • Nominal Syntax:Possessive Classification = "No possessive classification"
  • Other:Para-Linguistic Usages of Clicks = "Affective meanings"
  • Phonology:Absence of Common Consonants = "All present" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Consonant Inventories = "Average" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Consonant-Vowel Ratio = "Low" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Fixed Stress Locations = "No fixed stress" (réf. Trommelen and Zonneveld 1999b )
  • Phonology:Front Rounded Vowels = "None" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Glottalized Consonants = "No glottalized consonants" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Lateral Consonants = "/l/, no obstruent laterals" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Presence of Uncommon Consonants = "'Th' sounds" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Rhythm Types = "Trochaic" (réf. Trommelen and Zonneveld 1999b )
  • Phonology:Syllable Structure = "Complex" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:The Velar Nasal = "No initial velar nasal"
  • Phonology:Tone = "No tones" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Uvular Consonants = "None" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Voicing and Gaps in Plosive Systems = "None missing in /p t k b d g/" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Voicing in Plosives and Fricatives = "In both plosives and fricatives" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Vowel Nasalization = "Contrast absent" (réf. Moulton 1962 )
  • Phonology:Vowel Quality Inventories = "Large (7-14)" (réf. Gimson 1970 )
  • Phonology:Weight Factors in Weight-Sensitive Stress Systems = "Long vowel or coda consonant" (réf. Trommelen and Zonneveld 1999b )
  • Phonology:Weight-Sensitive Stress = "Right-oriented: One of the last three" (réf. Trommelen and Zonneveld 1999b )
  • Simple Clauses:Alignment of Case Marking of Full Noun Phrases = "Neutral"
  • Simple Clauses:Alignment of Case Marking of Pronouns = "Nominative - accusative (standard)"
  • Simple Clauses:Alignment of Verbal Person Marking = "Accusative" (réf. Quirk et al. 1972 )
  • Simple Clauses:Antipassive Constructions = "No antipassive"
  • Simple Clauses:Applicative Constructions = "No applicative construction"
  • Simple Clauses:Comparative Constructions = "Particle"
  • Simple Clauses:Ditransitive Constructions: The Verb 'Give' = "Mixed"
  • Simple Clauses:Expression of Pronominal Subjects = "Obligatory pronouns in subject position"
  • Simple Clauses:Negative Indefinite Pronouns and Predicate Negation = "Mixed behaviour"
  • Simple Clauses:Negative Morphemes = "Negative particle"
  • Simple Clauses:Nominal and Locational Predication = "Identical"
  • Simple Clauses:Nonperiphrastic Causative Constructions = "Morphological but no compound"
  • Simple Clauses:Order of Person Markers on the Verb = "A and P do not or do not both occur on the verb" (réf. Quirk et al. 1972 )
  • Simple Clauses:Other Roles of Applied Objects = "No applicative construction"
  • Simple Clauses:Passive Constructions = "Present" (réf. Quirk et al. 1972 )
  • Simple Clauses:Periphrastic Causative Constructions = "Sequential but no purposive"
  • Simple Clauses:Polar Questions = "Interrogative word order"
  • Simple Clauses:Predicative Adjectives = "Nonverbal encoding"
  • Simple Clauses:Predicative Possession = "'Have'"
  • Simple Clauses:Productivity of the Antipassive Construction = "no antipassive"
  • Simple Clauses:Reciprocal Constructions = "Distinct from reflexive"
  • Simple Clauses:Subtypes of Asymmetric Standard Negation = "A/Cat"
  • Simple Clauses:Symmetric and Asymmetric Standard Negation = "Both"
  • Simple Clauses:Third Person Zero of Verbal Person Marking = "No zero realization" (réf. Quirk et al. 1972 )
  • Simple Clauses:Verbal Person Marking = "Only the A argument" (réf. Quirk et al. 1972 )
  • Simple Clauses:Zero Copula for Predicate Nominals = "Impossible"
  • Verbal Categories:Coding of Evidentiality = "No grammatical evidentials"
  • Verbal Categories:Epistemic Possibility = "Verbal constructions" (réf. Leech and Svartvik 1994 )
  • Verbal Categories:Imperative-Hortative Systems = "Neither type of system"
  • Verbal Categories:Overlap between Situational and Epistemic Modal Marking = "Overlap for both possibility and necessity" (réf. Leech and Svartvik 1994 )
  • Verbal Categories:Perfective/Imperfective Aspect = "No grammatical marking" (réf. Dahl 1985 )
  • Verbal Categories:Position of Tense-Aspect Affixes = "Tense-aspect suffixes"
  • Verbal Categories:Semantic Distinctions of Evidentiality = "No grammatical evidentials"
  • Verbal Categories:Situational Possibility = "Verbal constructions" (réf. Leech and Svartvik 1994 )
  • Verbal Categories:Suppletion According to Tense and Aspect = "Tense"
  • Verbal Categories:Suppletion in Imperatives and Hortatives = "None (= no suppletive imperatives reported in the reference material)"
  • Verbal Categories:The Future Tense = "No inflectional future" (réf. Dahl 1985 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Morphological Imperative = "No second-person imperatives"
  • Verbal Categories:The Optative = "Inflectional optative absent"
  • Verbal Categories:The Past Tense = "Present, no remoteness distinctions" (réf. Dahl 1985 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Perfect = "From possessive" (réf. Dahl 1985 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Prohibitive = "Normal imperative + normal negative"
  • Verbal Categories:Verbal Number and Suppletion = "None"
  • Word Order:Minor morphological means of signaling negation = "None"
  • Word Order:NegSVO Order = "No NegSVO"
  • Word Order:Order of Adjective and Noun = "Adjective-Noun"
  • Word Order:Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "Prepositions"
  • Word Order:Order of Adverbial Subordinator and Clause = "Initial subordinator word"
  • Word Order:Order of Degree Word and Adjective = "Degree word-Adjective"
  • Word Order:Order of Demonstrative and Noun = "Demonstrative-Noun"
  • Word Order:Order of Genitive and Noun = "No dominant order"
  • Word Order:Order of Negative Morpheme and Verb = "NegV"
  • Word Order:Order of Numeral and Noun = "Numeral-Noun"
  • Word Order:Order of Object and Verb = "VO"
  • Word Order:Order of Object, Oblique, and Verb = "VOX"
  • Word Order:Order of Relative Clause and Noun = "Noun-Relative clause"
  • Word Order:Order of Subject and Verb = "SV"
  • Word Order:Order of Subject, Object and Verb = "SVO"
  • Word Order:Position of Interrogative Phrases in Content Questions = "Initial interrogative phrase"
  • Word Order:Position of Negative Word With Respect to Subject, Object, and Verb = "SNegVO"
  • Word Order:Position of Polar Question Particles = "No question particle"
  • Word Order:Position of negative words relative to beginning and end of clause and with respect to adjacency to verb = "Immed preverbal"
  • Word Order:Postnominal relative clauses = "Noun-Relative clause (NRel) dominant"
  • Word Order:Postverbal Negative Morphemes = "None"
  • Word Order:Preverbal Negative Morphemes = "NegV"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adjective and Noun = "VO and AdjN"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "VO and Prepositions"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Relative Clause and Noun = "VO and NRel"
  • Word Order:SNegVO Order = "Word&NoDoubleNeg"
  • Word Order:SVNegO Order = "No SVNegO"
  • Word Order:SVONeg Order = "No SVONeg"
  • Word Order:The Position of Negative Morphemes in SVO Languages = "SNegVO"

Pour plus de précisions voir sur WALS (World Atlas of Language Structures), Cf. http://wals.info/languoid/lect/wals_code_eng

Inventaires de phonèmes de cette langue trouvés dans PHOIBLE

  • Standard English (SPA) (40 segments)
    aː , b , d , d̠ʒ , e̞ , f , h , iː , j , kʰ , l , m , n , o̞ː , pʰ , s , tʰ , t̠ʃ , uː , v , w , x , z , æ , ð , ŋ , ɐ , ɒ , ɔ , ə , əː , ɡ , ɪ , ɻ , ʃ , ʊ , ʍ , ʒ , ʔ , θ

Références bibliographiques sur cette langue trouvées dans Glottolog

  • 1981. The illustrated book of animals of Africa. 56pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • 1982. Reading the clock. 29pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • 1983. From mother tongue to English. (cf. référence complète)
  • 1984-10-19. English Translation of Unkk'uya. (English translation of Unkk'uya). (cf. référence complète)
  • 1984. Speaking English (An introductory book for primary schools). 120pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • 1985. In the village: Book 2, English made easy series. 18pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • 1987. Pinarri: Introducing Aboriginal languages in Kimberley schools. ix+101pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • 1990. Let's read and write English. 76pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • 1990. Multilingual Cameroon: Reader in Cameroonian languages / Cameroun multilingue: Lectures en langues camerounaises. (cf. référence complète)
  • 1997. Anglu-Latviesu Vardnica English-Latvian Dictionary. Riga: Jana Seta. 1320pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • 1997. Beekeeping in Cameroon. 29pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • 2002. English alphabet book. 8pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • 2005. Pashai akaswala dikshanari - Pashai, Ingrizi, Paxto = An introductory pictorial word book in the Pashai of Afghanistan with Pashto and English. (cf. référence complète)
  • 2005. Saraiki-Urdu-Angrezi bol chal = Conversational Saraiki, Urdu, English. 37pp. (cf. référence complète)
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Seules sont affichées les 100 premières référence. Pour une liste exhaustive sur Glottolog

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Informations tirées de Lexvo.org, de dbpedia.org, de WALS, de PHOIBLE, et de Glootolog