Khmu

Code ISO 639-3: kjg

Classification: Austroasiatic > Khmuic > Khmu' > Khmu

Ressources dans l'entrepôt

Pays ou régions dans lesquelles l'entrepôt dispose d'enregistrements
Région Code Nombre
France FR 6
Laos LA 170
Vietnam VN 1
Rechercher toutes les ressources de l'entrepôt sur cette langue: Khmu

Propriétés (phonologiques, grammaticales, lexicales) de cette langue trouvées dans WALS

  • Complex Sentences:'Want' Complement Subjects = "Subject is left implicit" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Complex Sentences:Purpose Clauses = "Balanced" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Complex Sentences:Utterance Complement Clauses = "Balanced" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Morphology:Case Syncretism = "No case marking" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Morphology:Prefixing vs. Suffixing in Inflectional Morphology = "Little affixation" (réf. Premsrirat 1987, Smalley 1961 )
  • Morphology:Syncretism in Verbal Person/Number Marking = "No subject person/number marking" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Nominal Categories:Asymmetrical Case-Marking = "No case-marking" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Nominal Categories:Coding of Nominal Plurality = "No plural" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Nominal Categories:Distributive Numerals = "No distributive numerals"
  • Nominal Categories:Gender Distinctions in Independent Personal Pronouns = "In 3rd person + 1st and/or 2nd person" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Nominal Categories:Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Independent Pronouns = "No inclusive/exclusive" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Nominal Categories:Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Verbal Inflection = "No person marking" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Nominal Categories:Indefinite Pronouns = "Special" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Nominal Categories:Intensifiers and Reflexive Pronouns = "Differentiated"
  • Nominal Categories:Number of Cases = "No morphological case-marking" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Nominal Categories:Number of Genders = "Two" (réf. Premsrirat 1987, Smalley 1961 )
  • Nominal Categories:Numeral Classifiers = "Obligatory"
  • Nominal Categories:Person Marking on Adpositions = "No person marking" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Nominal Categories:Plurality in Independent Personal Pronouns = "Person-number stem" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Nominal Categories:Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns = "No politeness distinction" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Case Affixes = "No case affixes or adpositional clitics" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Pronominal Possessive Affixes = "No possessive affixes" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Nominal Categories:Sex-based and Non-sex-based Gender Systems = "Sex-based" (réf. Premsrirat 1987, Smalley 1961 )
  • Nominal Categories:Systems of Gender Assignment = "Semantic" (réf. Premsrirat 1987, Smalley 1961 )
  • Nominal Categories:Third Person Pronouns and Demonstratives = "Unrelated" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Nominal Syntax:Action Nominal Constructions = "Restricted"
  • Nominal Syntax:Nominal and Verbal Conjunction = "Differentiation"
  • Other:Para-Linguistic Usages of Clicks = "Affective meanings"
  • Phonology:Absence of Common Consonants = "All present" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Consonant Inventories = "Average" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Consonant-Vowel Ratio = "Moderately low" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Fixed Stress Locations = "Ultimate" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Phonology:Front Rounded Vowels = "None" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Glottalized Consonants = "Implosives and glottalized resonants" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Lateral Consonants = "/l/, no obstruent laterals" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Presence of Uncommon Consonants = "None" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Syllable Structure = "Complex" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:The Velar Nasal = "Initial velar nasal" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Phonology:Tone = "Simple tone system" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Uvular Consonants = "None" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Voicing and Gaps in Plosive Systems = "Other" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Voicing in Plosives and Fricatives = "No voicing constrast" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Vowel Nasalization = "Contrast absent" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Phonology:Vowel Quality Inventories = "Large (7-14)" (réf. Svantesson 1983 )
  • Phonology:Weight Factors in Weight-Sensitive Stress Systems = "No weight" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Phonology:Weight-Sensitive Stress = "Fixed stress (no weight-sensitivity)" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Simple Clauses:Alignment of Case Marking of Full Noun Phrases = "Neutral" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Simple Clauses:Alignment of Case Marking of Pronouns = "Neutral" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Simple Clauses:Alignment of Verbal Person Marking = "Neutral" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Simple Clauses:Ditransitive Constructions: The Verb 'Give' = "Indirect-object construction" (réf. Premsirat 1991 )
  • Simple Clauses:Expression of Pronominal Subjects = "Optional pronouns in subject position" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Simple Clauses:Negative Indefinite Pronouns and Predicate Negation = "Predicate negation also present"
  • Simple Clauses:Nonperiphrastic Causative Constructions = "Both" (réf. Premsrirat 1987, Svantesson 1983 )
  • Simple Clauses:Order of Person Markers on the Verb = "A and P do not or do not both occur on the verb" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Simple Clauses:Passive Constructions = "Absent" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Simple Clauses:Periphrastic Causative Constructions = "Sequential but no purposive" (réf. Premsrirat 1987, Svantesson 1983 )
  • Simple Clauses:Polar Questions = "Question particle" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Simple Clauses:Subtypes of Asymmetric Standard Negation = "Non-assignable" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Simple Clauses:Symmetric and Asymmetric Standard Negation = "Symmetric" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Simple Clauses:Third Person Zero of Verbal Person Marking = "No person marking" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Simple Clauses:Verbal Person Marking = "No person marking" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Verbal Categories:Coding of Evidentiality = "No grammatical evidentials" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Verbal Categories:Epistemic Possibility = "Other"
  • Verbal Categories:Imperative-Hortative Systems = "Neither type of system" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Verbal Categories:Overlap between Situational and Epistemic Modal Marking = "No overlap"
  • Verbal Categories:Perfective/Imperfective Aspect = "No grammatical marking" (réf. Dahl 1985 )
  • Verbal Categories:Position of Tense-Aspect Affixes = "No tense-aspect inflection" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Verbal Categories:Semantic Distinctions of Evidentiality = "No grammatical evidentials" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Verbal Categories:Situational Possibility = "Verbal constructions" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Future Tense = "No inflectional future" (réf. Dahl 1985 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Morphological Imperative = "No second-person imperatives" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Optative = "Inflectional optative absent" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Past Tense = "No past tense" (réf. Dahl 1985 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Perfect = "From 'finish', 'already'" (réf. Dahl 1985 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Prohibitive = "Normal imperative + special negative" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Minor morphological means of signaling negation = "None" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adjective and Noun = "Noun-Adjective" (réf. Premsrirat 1987, Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "Prepositions" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Order of Degree Word and Adjective = "No dominant order" (réf. Premsrirat 1987 )
  • Word Order:Order of Demonstrative and Noun = "Noun-Demonstrative" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Order of Genitive and Noun = "Noun-Genitive" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Order of Negative Morpheme and Verb = "NegV" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Order of Numeral and Noun = "Noun-Numeral" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Order of Object and Verb = "VO" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Order of Subject and Verb = "SV" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Order of Subject, Object and Verb = "SVO" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Position of Negative Word With Respect to Subject, Object, and Verb = "Other" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Position of Polar Question Particles = "Final" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Postverbal Negative Morphemes = "None" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Preverbal Negative Morphemes = "NegV" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adjective and Noun = "VO and NAdj"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "VO and Prepositions"
  • Word Order:SVNegO Order = "No SVNegO" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:SVONeg Order = "No SVONeg" (réf. Smalley 1961 )
  • Word Order:The Position of Negative Morphemes in SVO Languages = "Other NegV" (réf. Smalley 1961 )

Pour plus de précisions voir sur WALS (World Atlas of Language Structures), Cf. http://wals.info/languoid/lect/wals_code_kmu

Inventaires de phonèmes de cette langue trouvés dans PHOIBLE

  • Khmu (UPSID) (41 segments)
    a , aː , c , cʰ , e , eː , h , i , ia , iː , j , j̰ , k , kʰ , l̪ , m , n̪ , o , oː , p , pʰ , r̪ , s̪ , t̪ , t̪ʰ , u , ua , uː , w , w̰ , ŋ , ɓ , ɔː , ɗ̪ , ɘː , ɛː , ɜː , ɨa , ɨː , ɲ , ʔ

Références bibliographiques sur cette langue trouvées dans Glottolog

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  • Bauer, Robert S. 2000. Review of: Nghe an Khmu-Vietnamese-Thai-English dictionary, by Suwilai Premsrirat and others. Mon-Khmer Studies 30: 130-31. (cf. référence complète)
  • Benczes, Réka. 2012. Just a Load of Hibber-Gibber? Making Sense of English Rhyming Compounds. Australian Journal of Linguistics 32. 299–326. (cf. référence complète)
  • Biebuyck, Daniel P. and Kelliher, Susan and McRae, Linda. 1996. African ethnonyms: index to art-producing people of Africa. New York & London: G.K. Hall & Co.; Prentice-Hall. (cf. référence complète)
  • Bouchet, Alfred Léon. 1935, 1936. Contribution à une étude sur les tribus Xa de la province de Sonla (Haute Rivière Noire, Tonkin). Revue de folklore français et de folklore colonial 6, 7. 280-296, 15-31. (cf. référence complète)
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Informations tirées de Lexvo.org, de dbpedia.org, de WALS, de PHOIBLE, et de Glottolog