Voiceless Nasal Sounds in Three Tibeto-Burman Languages

http://cocoon.huma-num.fr/pub/COLLECTION_cocoon-10717b0e-309b-3f2c-aeb9-3fa95c8c9e1b an entity of type: Collection

Voiceless Nasal Sounds in Three Tibeto-Burman Languages : This paper focuses on two types of voiceless nasal sounds in Xumi, a Tibeto-Burman language: (1) the voiceless aspirated nasals /m̥/ [m̥h̃] and /n̥/ [n̥h̃]; and (2) the voiceless nasal glottal fricative [h̃]. We provide a synchronic description of these two types of sounds, and explore their similarities and differences. Xumi voiceless nasal consonants are described with reference to the voiceless nasal consonants /m̥/ and /n̥/ in Burmese and Kham Tibetan, because Burmese voiceless nasals are the best described type of voiceless nasals, and are therefore used as a reference point for comparison; whereas voiceless nasals in Kham Tibetan, which is in close contact with Xumi, represent a characteristic regional feature. The synchronic description is based on acoustic and aerodynamic measurements (the total duration of the target phonemes, the duration of the voiced period during the target phonemes, mean nasal and oral flow). Our study (i) contributes to a better understanding of voiceless nasals as a type of sound; (ii) provides a first-ever instrumental description (acoustic and aerodynamic) of the voiceless nasal glottal fricative [h̃], as attested in a number of Tibeto-Burman languages of Southwest China; and (iii) suggests a possible phonetic basis for the observed dialectal and diachronic variation between voiceless nasals and [h̃] in some Tibeto-Burman languages.
dcterms:W3CDTF 2018-02-15T15:17:17+01:00 
Freely accessible 
dcterms:W3CDTF 2018-01-27 
dcterms:W3CDTF 2018-02-15T14:56:21+01:00 
ark:/87895/1.17-845518 
oai:crdo.vjf.cnrs.fr:cocoon-10717b0e-309b-3f2c-aeb9-3fa95c8c9e1b 
Ancienne cote: crdo-COLLECTION_CHK_ART 
doi:10.24397/PANGLOSS-0001516 
doi:10.34847/cocoon.10717b0e-309b-3f2c-aeb9-3fa95c8c9e1b 
Birman  Xumi  Tibetain 
Birman  Xumi  Tibetain 
Voiceless Nasal Sounds in Three Tibeto-Burman Languages 
Ekaterina Chirkova, Patricia Basset, Angelique Amelot. Voiceless nasal sounds in three Tibeto-Burman languages. 2016.  

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