Biographical Note: farmer. Born in Liangbao Village, Lower Reaches of the Shuiluo River, Shuiluo Township, Muli Tibetan Autonomous County, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China. Ethnicity: Xumi Tibetan. Education level: elementary school. Languages: Shixing (ISO639-3:sxg) native language, Lower variety of Xumi; Chinese, Mandarin (ISO639-3:cmn) Southwestern Mandarin, conversational knowledge; Tibetan, Khams (ISO639-3:khg) advanced knowledge of the Tibetan dialect of Muli County (Kami Tibetan); Pumi, Southern (ISO639-3:pmj) advanced knowledge of the Pumi dialect of Muli County (Taoba).