Newari

Code ISO 639-3: new

Classification: Sino-Tibetan > Himalayish > Mahakiranti > Newaric > Newar > Kathmandu Valley Newari

Ressources dans l'entrepôt

Pays ou régions dans lesquelles l'entrepôt dispose d'enregistrements
Région Code Nombre
Nepal NP 1
Rechercher toutes les ressources de l'entrepôt sur cette langue: Newari

Propriétés (phonologiques, grammaticales, lexicales) de cette langue trouvées dans WALS

  • Lexicon:Tea = "Words derived from Sinitic cha" (réf. Malherbe and Rosenberg 1996 )
  • Morphology:Prefixing vs. Suffixing in Inflectional Morphology = "Weakly suffixing"
  • Morphology:Prefixing vs. Suffixing in Inflectional Morphology = "Strongly suffixing" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Nominal Categories:Coding of Nominal Plurality = "Plural clitic" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Nominal Categories:Coding of Nominal Plurality = "Plural clitic" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Nominal Categories:Comitatives and Instrumentals = "Differentiation" (réf. Genetti 1991 )
  • Nominal Categories:Definite Articles = "Demonstrative word used as definite article"
  • Nominal Categories:Indefinite Articles = "Indefinite word same as 'one'"
  • Nominal Categories:Indefinite Pronouns = "Interrogative-based" (réf. Genetti 1994 )
  • Nominal Categories:Numeral Classifiers = "Obligatory" (réf. Noonan 2003c )
  • Nominal Categories:Occurrence of Nominal Plurality = "Only human nouns, obligatory" (réf. Hargreaves 2003 )
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Case Affixes = "Case suffixes" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Case Affixes = "No case affixes or adpositional clitics" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Pronominal Possessive Affixes = "No possessive affixes"
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Pronominal Possessive Affixes = "No possessive affixes" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Nominal Categories:The Associative Plural = "Associative same as additive plural"
  • Nominal Categories:The Associative Plural = "Associative same as additive plural"
  • Nominal Syntax:Nominal and Verbal Conjunction = "Differentiation" (réf. Genetti 1994 )
  • Phonology:Absence of Common Consonants = "All present" (réf. Hale and Hale 1969, Manandhar 1986 )
  • Phonology:Consonant Inventories = "Average" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Phonology:Consonant-Vowel Ratio = "Moderately high" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Phonology:Front Rounded Vowels = "None" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Phonology:Glottalized Consonants = "No glottalized consonants" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Phonology:Lateral Consonants = "/l/, no obstruent laterals" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Phonology:Presence of Uncommon Consonants = "None" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Phonology:Syllable Structure = "Moderately complex" (réf. Hale and Hale 1969, Manandhar 1986 )
  • Phonology:Tone = "No tones" (réf. Hale and Hale 1969, Manandhar 1986 )
  • Phonology:Uvular Consonants = "None" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Phonology:Voicing and Gaps in Plosive Systems = "None missing in /p t k b d g/" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Phonology:Voicing in Plosives and Fricatives = "In plosives alone" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Phonology:Vowel Quality Inventories = "Small (2-4)" (réf. Manandhar 1986, Hale and Hale 1969 )
  • Simple Clauses:Ditransitive Constructions: The Verb 'Give' = "Indirect-object construction" (réf. Genetti 1994 )
  • Simple Clauses:Expression of Pronominal Subjects = "Subject affixes on verb"
  • Simple Clauses:Negative Indefinite Pronouns and Predicate Negation = "Predicate negation also present" (réf. Genetti 1994 )
  • Simple Clauses:Negative Morphemes = "Negative affix" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Simple Clauses:Negative Morphemes = "Negative affix" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Simple Clauses:Polar Questions = "Question particle" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Simple Clauses:Polar Questions = "Question particle" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Verbal Categories:Coding of Evidentiality = "Verbal affix or clitic" (réf. Genetti 1986 )
  • Verbal Categories:Position of Tense-Aspect Affixes = "Tense-aspect suffixes"
  • Verbal Categories:Position of Tense-Aspect Affixes = "Tense-aspect suffixes" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Verbal Categories:Semantic Distinctions of Evidentiality = "Indirect only" (réf. Genetti 1986 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Optative = "Inflectional optative absent" (réf. Korolev 1989 )
  • Word Order:Correlative relative clauses = "Correlative as nondominant type" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Minor morphological means of signaling negation = "None" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Minor morphological means of signaling negation = "NegInfix" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Multiple Negative Constructions in SOV Languages = "SO[Neg-V]/SOVwithNegInfix" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:NegSOV Order = "No NegSOV" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:NegSOV Order = "No NegSOV" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adjective and Noun = "Adjective-Noun" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adjective and Noun = "Adjective-Noun" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "Postpositions" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "Postpositions" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adverbial Subordinator and Clause = "Mixed" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adverbial Subordinator and Clause = "Mixed" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Order of Degree Word and Adjective = "Degree word-Adjective"
  • Word Order:Order of Degree Word and Adjective = "Degree word-Adjective" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Demonstrative and Noun = "Demonstrative-Noun" (réf. Genetti 2003 )
  • Word Order:Order of Demonstrative and Noun = "Demonstrative-Noun" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Genitive and Noun = "Genitive-Noun" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Genitive and Noun = "Genitive-Noun" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Order of Negative Morpheme and Verb = "[Neg-V]" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Negative Morpheme and Verb = "Type 3 / Negative Infix" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Order of Numeral and Noun = "No dominant order" (réf. Genetti 2003 )
  • Word Order:Order of Numeral and Noun = "Noun-Numeral" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Object and Verb = "OV" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Object and Verb = "OV" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Order of Relative Clause and Noun = "Relative clause-Noun" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Relative Clause and Noun = "Relative clause-Noun" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Order of Subject and Verb = "SV" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Subject and Verb = "SV" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Order of Subject, Object and Verb = "SOV" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Order of Subject, Object and Verb = "SOV" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Position of Interrogative Phrases in Content Questions = "Not initial interrogative phrase"
  • Word Order:Position of Interrogative Phrases in Content Questions = "Not initial interrogative phrase" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Position of Negative Word With Respect to Subject, Object, and Verb = "MorphNeg" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Position of Negative Word With Respect to Subject, Object, and Verb = "MorphNeg" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Position of Polar Question Particles = "Final" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Position of Polar Question Particles = "Final" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Postverbal Negative Morphemes = "None" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Postverbal Negative Morphemes = "None" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Prenominal relative clauses = "Relative clause-Noun (RelN) dominant" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Prenominal relative clauses = "Relative clause-Noun (RelN) dominant" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Preverbal Negative Morphemes = "[Neg-V]" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:Preverbal Negative Morphemes = "[Neg-V]" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adjective and Noun = "OV and AdjN"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adjective and Noun = "OV and AdjN"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "OV and Postpositions"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "OV and Postpositions"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Relative Clause and Noun = "OV and RelN"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Relative Clause and Noun = "OV and RelN"
  • Word Order:SNegOV Order = "No SNegOV" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:SNegOV Order = "No SNegOV" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:SONegV Order = "Prefix&NoDoubleNeg" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:SONegV Order = "Prefix&NoDoubleNeg" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:SOVNeg Order = "NoSOVNeg" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:SOVNeg Order = "NoSOVNeg" (réf. Genetti 1990 )
  • Word Order:The Position of Negative Morphemes in SOV Languages = "SO[Neg-V]" (réf. Malla 1985 )
  • Word Order:The Position of Negative Morphemes in SOV Languages = "More than one construction" (réf. Genetti 1990 )

Pour plus de précisions voir sur WALS (World Atlas of Language Structures), Cf. http://wals.info/languoid/lect/wals_code_new

Inventaires de phonèmes de cette langue trouvés dans PHOIBLE

  • NEWARI (upsid 489) (32 segments)
    a̟ , ã̟ , b , b̤ , d̪z̪|dz , d̪z̪̤|dz̤ , d̪|d , d̪̤|d̤ , i , ĩ , k , kʰ , l̪|l , l̪̤|l̤ , m , m̤ , n̪|n , n̪̤|n̤ , p , pʰ , s̪|s , t̪s̪|ts , t̪s̪ʰ|tsʰ , t̪|t , t̪ʰ|tʰ , u , ũ , ɡ , ɡ̤ , ɤ̞ , ɤ̞̃ , ɦ

Références bibliographiques sur cette langue trouvées dans Glottolog

  • Acharya, Baburam. 1970. Nepal, Newar, and the Newari language. Regmi Research Series (Kathmandu) 2. 1-15. (cf. référence complète)
  • Alfons K. Weidert. 1984. The Classifier Construction of Newari and its Historical Southeast Asian Background. Kailash - A Journal of Himalayan Studies XI. 185-210. Kailash 11: 33,4:185-210. (cf. référence complète)
  • Bendix, Edward H. 1974. Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Burman contact as seen through Nepali and Newari verb tenses. International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics 3. 42-59. (cf. référence complète)
  • Bendix, Edward H. 1984. The metaterm 'cause': exploring a definition in Newari and English. Language and cognition: essays in honor of Arthur J. Bronstein, 11-27. New York: Plenum Press. (cf. référence complète)
  • Bendix, Edward H. 1992. The grammaticalization of responsibility and evidence: interactional manipulation of evidential categories in Newari. In Hill and Irvine (eds.), Responsibility and evidence in oral discourse, 226-247. (cf. référence complète)
  • Bendix, Edward H. 1993. Evidentials and levels of assertation as strategic resources in Newari: Responsibility and evidence in oral discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (cf. référence complète)
  • Campbell, George. 1874. Specimens of the languages of India, including those of the aboriginal tribes of Bengal, the central provinces and the eastern frontier. Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Press. 314pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Carol Genetti. 2007. Syntax and prosody: interacting coding systems in Dolakha Newar. In Iwasaki Shoichi and Andrew Simpson and Karen Adams and Paul Sidwell (eds.), SEALS XIII Papers from the 13th Annual Meeting of the Southeast, 53-66. Canberra, Australia: Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studie. (E-3). (cf. référence complète)
  • Conrady, August. 1891. Das Newârî: Grammatik und Sprachproben [Newari grammar and language structure]. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 45. 1-35. (cf. référence complète)
  • D. Nevāḥmi. 1993. Bandipuriyā Nepāl Bhāṣā - A Study of Bandipur Dialect of the Newar Language. Kathmandu: Rām Bhakta Bhōmi. (cf. référence complète)
  • Daly, Margaret H. 1992. Review of: Songs of Nepal: An anthology of Nevar folksongs and hymns, by Siegfried Lienhard. Notes on Linguistics 59: 41-43. (cf. référence complète)
  • David Hargreaves. 2003. Kathmandu Newar (Nepāl Bhāśā). In Graham Thurgood and Randy J. LaPolla (eds.), The Sino-Tibetan Languages, 371-384. London & New York: Routledge. (cf. référence complète)
  • David Hargreaves. 2017. Kathmandu Newar (Nepāl Bhāśā). In Graham Thurgood and Randy J. LaPolla (eds.), The Sino-Tibetan Languages, 453-467. London & New York: Routledge. (cf. référence complète)
  • DeLancey, Scott. 1966. Ralativization as nominalization in Tibetan and Newari. X. (unpublished). (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol E. 1986. The grammaticalization of the Newari verb t\s ol. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 9. 53-70. (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol E. 1986. The syntax of the Newari non-final construction. (MA thesis, U. of Oregon, Eugene). (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol E. 1988. A contrastive study of the Dolakhali and Kathmandu Newari dialects. Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale 17. 161-191. (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol E. 1993. On the morphological status of casemarkers in Dolakha Newari. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 16. 57-73. (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol E. 1994. A descriptive and historical account of the Dolakha Newari dialect. (Monumenta Serindica, 24.) Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia & Africa. 278pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol Elaine. 1990. A descriptive and historical account of the Dolakha Newari dialect. Ann Arbor: UMI. (Doctoral dissertation, Eugene: University of Oregon; xvii+362pp.) (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol and Slater, Keith W. 2004. An analysis of syntax and prosody interactions in a Dolakhā Newar rendition of "The mahābhārata (with appendices and sound files). (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol. 1986. The grammaticalization of the Newari verb tol. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 9. 53-70. (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol. 1988. A syntactic correlate of topicality in Newari narrative. In Haiman, John and Thompson, Sandra A. (eds.), Clause Combining in Grammar and Discourse, 29-48. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol. 1991. From postposition to subordinator in Newari. In Traugott, Elizabeth Closs and Heine, Bernd (eds.), Approaches to Grammaticalization. Volume II. Types of grammatical markers, 227-55. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol. 2005. The participial construction of Dolakhaa Newar: Syntactic implications of an Asian converb. Studies in Language 29. 35-88. (cf. référence complète)
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  • Genetti, Carol. 2007. A grammar of Dolakha Newar. (Mouton grammar library, 40.) Mouton Grammar Library. Berlin, New York: New York: Mouton de Gruyter. xv+595pp. (Includes bibliographical references and index). (cf. référence complète)
  • Genetti, Carol. 2011. The tapestry of Dolakha Newar: Chaining, embedding, and the complexity of sentences. Linguistic Typology 15. 5-24. Walter de Gruyter GmbH \& Co. KG. (cf. référence complète)
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Informations tirées de Lexvo.org, de dbpedia.org, de WALS, de PHOIBLE, et de Glottolog