Ao

Code ISO 639-3: njo

Classification: Sino-Tibetan > Kuki-Chin-Naga > Angami-Ao > Central Naga > Ao Naga

Ressources dans l'entrepôt

Pays ou régions dans lesquelles l'entrepôt dispose d'enregistrements
Région Code Nombre
India IN 1
Rechercher toutes les ressources de l'entrepôt sur cette langue: Ao

Propriétés (phonologiques, grammaticales, lexicales) de cette langue trouvées dans WALS

  • Morphology:Prefixing vs. Suffixing in Inflectional Morphology = "Weakly suffixing" (réf. Coupe 2007, Gowda 1975, Mills 1926, Clark 1893 )
  • Nominal Categories:Coding of Nominal Plurality = "Plural suffix" (réf. Gowda 1975 )
  • Nominal Categories:Definite Articles = "Demonstrative word used as definite article" (réf. Gowda 1975, Mills 1926 )
  • Nominal Categories:Distance Contrasts in Demonstratives = "Two-way contrast" (réf. Gowda 1975 )
  • Nominal Categories:Indefinite Articles = "Indefinite word same as 'one'" (réf. Gowda 1975 )
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Case Affixes = "Postpositional clitics" (réf. Coupe 2007, Gowda 1975 )
  • Nominal Categories:Position of Pronominal Possessive Affixes = "Possessive prefixes" (réf. Gowda 1975, Mills 1926 )
  • Nominal Categories:Pronominal and Adnominal Demonstratives = "Identical" (réf. Gowda 1975 )
  • Phonology:Absence of Common Consonants = "All present" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Consonant Inventories = "Small" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Consonant-Vowel Ratio = "Moderately low" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Front Rounded Vowels = "None" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Glottalized Consonants = "No glottalized consonants" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Lateral Consonants = "/l/, no obstruent laterals" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Presence of Uncommon Consonants = "None" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Syllable Structure = "Moderately complex" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Tone = "Complex tone system" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Uvular Consonants = "None" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Voicing and Gaps in Plosive Systems = "Other" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Voicing in Plosives and Fricatives = "In fricatives alone" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Phonology:Vowel Nasalization = "Contrast absent" (réf. Coupe 1999 )
  • Phonology:Vowel Quality Inventories = "Average (5-6)" (réf. Gowda 1975, Gowda 1972 )
  • Simple Clauses:Expression of Pronominal Subjects = "Obligatory pronouns in subject position" (réf. Gowda 1975 )
  • Simple Clauses:Negative Morphemes = "Negative affix" (réf. Coupe 2007, Gowda 1975, Mills 1926 )
  • Simple Clauses:Polar Questions = "Question particle" (réf. Coupe 2007, Gowda 1975 )
  • Verbal Categories:Position of Tense-Aspect Affixes = "Tense-aspect suffixes" (réf. Gowda 1975 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Morphological Imperative = "Second person number-neutral" (réf. Gurubasave 1975 )
  • Verbal Categories:The Prohibitive = "Normal imperative + special negative" (réf. Gurubasave 1975 )
  • Word Order:Internally-headed relative clauses = "Internally-headed or RelN" (réf. Clark 1893 )
  • Word Order:Minor morphological means of signaling negation = "None" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:NegSOV Order = "No NegSOV" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:Optional Double Negation = "[Neg-V(-Neg)]" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:Optional Double Negation in SOV languages = "SO[Neg-V(-Neg)]" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adjective and Noun = "Noun-Adjective" (réf. Mills 1926, Gowda 1975, Clark 1893 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "Postpositions" (réf. Coupe 2007, Gowda 1975 )
  • Word Order:Order of Adverbial Subordinator and Clause = "Subordinating suffix" (réf. Mills 1926 )
  • Word Order:Order of Degree Word and Adjective = "Degree word-Adjective" (réf. Mills 1926 )
  • Word Order:Order of Demonstrative and Noun = "Noun-Demonstrative" (réf. Mills 1926, Gowda 1975 )
  • Word Order:Order of Genitive and Noun = "Genitive-Noun" (réf. Mills 1926, Gowda 1975 )
  • Word Order:Order of Negative Morpheme and Verb = "OptDoubleNeg" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:Order of Numeral and Noun = "Noun-Numeral" (réf. Mills 1926, Gowda 1975, Clark 1893 )
  • Word Order:Order of Object and Verb = "OV" (réf. Coupe 2007, Gowda 1975, Mills 1926 )
  • Word Order:Order of Relative Clause and Noun = "Mixed" (réf. Clark 1893 )
  • Word Order:Order of Subject and Verb = "SV" (réf. Coupe 2007, Gowda 1975, Mills 1926 )
  • Word Order:Order of Subject, Object and Verb = "SOV" (réf. Coupe 2007, Gowda 1975, Mills 1926 )
  • Word Order:Position of Interrogative Phrases in Content Questions = "Not initial interrogative phrase" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:Position of Negative Word With Respect to Subject, Object, and Verb = "OptDoubleNeg" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:Position of Polar Question Particles = "Final" (réf. Gowda 1975, Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:Postverbal Negative Morphemes = "[V-Neg]" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:Prenominal relative clauses = "RelN or internally-headed" (réf. Clark 1893 )
  • Word Order:Preverbal Negative Morphemes = "[Neg-V]" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adjective and Noun = "OV and NAdj"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase = "OV and Postpositions"
  • Word Order:Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Relative Clause and Noun = "Other"
  • Word Order:SNegOV Order = "No SNegOV" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:SONegV Order = "Prefix&OptDoubleNeg" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:SOVNeg Order = "Suffix&OnlyWithAnotherNeg" (réf. Coupe 2007 )
  • Word Order:The Position of Negative Morphemes in SOV Languages = "OptDoubleNeg" (réf. Coupe 2007 )

Pour plus de précisions voir sur WALS (World Atlas of Language Structures), Cf. http://wals.info/languoid/lect/wals_code_ao

Inventaires de phonèmes de cette langue trouvés dans PHOIBLE

  • AO (upsid 497) (20 segments)
    a , cç , e , i , j , k , l , m , n , o , p , s , t , u , w , z , ŋ , ɭ͓ , ɯ , ʔ
  • Ao-Naga (ra 1704) (35 segments)
    a , b , cç , d , e , i , j , k , kʰ , l , l̤ , m , n , o , p , pʰ , s , t , ts , tʰ , u , w , z , ç , ŋ , ɔ , ə , ɟʝ , ɡ , ɯ , ɾ , ʔ , ˥˩ , ˧ , ˩˥

Références bibliographiques sur cette langue trouvées dans Glottolog

  • Alexander R. Coupe. 2017. Mongsen Ao. In Graham Thurgood and Randy J. LaPolla (eds.), The Sino-Tibetan Languages, 277-301. London & New York: Routledge. (cf. référence complète)
  • Barbosa, Duarte. 1918/21. The book of Duarte Barbosa: an account of the countries bordering on the Indian Ocean and their inhabitants. (Works issued by the Hakluyt Soc., second series, 44+49.) London. (cf. référence complète)
  • Brown, Nathan. 1849. On the aboriginies of the eastern frontier. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Calcutta) 18. 967-975. (cf. référence complète)
  • Brown, Nathan. 1851. Specimens of the Naga language of Asam. Journal of the American Oriental Society (New Haven, CT) 2. 157-165. (cf. référence complète)
  • Bruhn, Daniel Wayne. 2014. A Phonological Reconstruction of Proto-Central Naga. (Doctoral dissertation, University of California at Berkeley; 454pp.) (cf. référence complète)
  • Clark, Ephraim W. 1879. A Specimen of the Zoongee (or Zurngee) Dialect of a Tribe of Nagas, Bordering on the Valley of Assam, between the Dikho and Desoi Rivers, Embracing over Forty VillagesAuthor. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, New Series 11. 278-286. (cf. référence complète)
  • Clark, Ephraim W. 1879. A specimen of the Zoongee (or Zurngee) dialect of a tribe of Nagas. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (London) n.s. 2. 278-86. (cf. référence complète)
  • Clark, Mary Jane Mead. 2002. The Ao-Naga grammar. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. 181pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Coupe, A.R. 1999. A Phonetic and Phonological Description of Ao: A Language of Nagaland, north-east India. The Australian National University M.A. Thesis. (cf. référence complète)
  • Coupe, Alec. 2003. A phonetic and phonological description of Ao: a Tibeto-Burman language of Nagaland, north-east India. (Pacific Linguistics, 543.) Canberra: Australian National Univ. xix+137pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Coupe, Alexander Robertson. 2007. A Grammar of Mongsen Ao. (Mouton Grammar Library, 39.) Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. xxiii+526pp. (Publication of 2003 The Mongsen Dialect of Ao: a language of Nagaland, PhD LaTrobe University.) (cf. référence complète)
  • E. W. Clark. 1893. Ao Naga Grammar with Illustrations, Phrases and Vocabulary. Shillong: Assam Secretariat Printing Office. 196pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • E. W. Clark. 1981 [1893]. The Ao-Naga Grammar with Illustrations, Phrases and Vocabulary. Delhi: Gian Publishing House, Shakti Nagar. 190pp. (Originally published in 1893 by the Assam Secretariat Printing Office.) (cf. référence complète)
  • Elwin, Verrier. 1969. The Nagas in the nineteenth century. London: OxfordUniversity Press. (cf. référence complète)
  • George A. Grierson. 1903. Tibeto-Burman Family: Specimens of the Bodo, Nāgā, and Kachin Groups. (Linguistic Survey of India, III(II).) In Grierson, G.A. (ed.) Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Goverment Printing. 534pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Gowda, K.S.G. 1972. Ao-Naga Phonetic Reader. (Central Institute of Indian Languages, Phonetic readers, 33.) Indian Linguistics. Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages. 166-8pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Grierson, George A. 1995. Ao. In Grierson, George A. (ed.), Languages of North-Eastern India. A survey. Vol. 2, 430-435. (cf. référence complète)
  • Gurubasave Gowda, K. S. 1985. Ao-English-Hindi dictionary. (Central Institute of Indian Languages: Dictionary Series, 1.) Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages. 80pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Gurubasave, K.S. Gowda. 1975. Ao grammar. (Central Institute of Indian Languages: Grammar Series, 1.) Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages. x+74pp. (Bibliography: p.) (cf. référence complète)
  • Jacobs, Julian. 1990. The Nagas. New York, N. Y.: Thames and Hudson. (cf. référence complète)
  • John Avery. 1886. The Ao Naga Language of Southern Assam. American Journal of Philology 7. 344-366. (cf. référence complète)
  • Ju Namkung. 1996. Phonological Inventories of Tibeto-Burman Languages. (STEDT Monograph Series, 3.) In Ju Namkung (ed.) Berkeley: Center for Southeast Asia Studies. xxvii+507pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • K. S. Gurubasave Gowda. 1975. Ao Grammar. (Central Institute of Indian Languages: Grammar Series, 1.) Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages. x+74pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Kapadia, K. M. 1950. The matrilineal social organization of the Nagas of Assam: a study from the sociological point of view. Bombay: Popular Book Deport. 34pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Kumar, Braj Bihari. 1971. Ao Hindi English dictionary. Kohima: Nagaland Bhasha Parishad. 117pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Latham, Robert Gordon. 1862. Elements of comparative philology. London: Walton and Maberly. 820pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Marrison, Geoffrey E. 1967. The classification of the Naga languages of North East India. (Doctoral dissertation, University of London; 300+460pp.) (cf. référence complète)
  • Mary M. Clark. 2002. The Ao-Naga Grammar with Illustrations, Phrases and Vocabulary. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. 181pp. (Originally published in 1893 by the Assam Secretariat Printing Office.) (cf. référence complète)
  • Mills, J.P. 1926. The Ao Nagas. London: Macmillan and Co. Ltd. (cf. référence complète)
  • Mills, James Philip. 1973. The Ao Nagas [2nd ed.]. With a foreword by Henry Balfour and supplementary notes and bibliography by J. H. Hutton. Bombay, Oxford University Press. 1973pp. (cf. référence complète)
  • Nag, Moni. 1964. Nagas. In Frank M. LeBar and Gerald C. Hickey and John K. Musgrave (eds.), Ethnic groups of mainland Southeast Asia, 44-49. New Haven, HRAF Press. (cf. référence complète)
  • Nishida, Tatsuo. 1988. Ao Naga-go Ei [Ao Naga]. In Takashi Kamei and Rokurō Kōno and Eiichi Chino (eds.), Gengogaku daijiten [The Sanseido encyclopaedia of linguistics], 133-137. Tōkyō: Sanseidō. (cf. référence complète)
  • Shafer, Robert. 1950. The Naga branches of Kukish. Rocznik Orientalistyczny 16. 467-530. (cf. référence complète)
  • T. Temsunungsang. 2009. Aspects of the prosodic phonology of Ao: An inter-dialectal study. (Doctoral dissertation, Hyderabad: The English and Foreign Languages University; 270pp.) (cf. référence complète)
  • Teo, Amos B. 2014. A phonological and phonetic description of Sumi, a Tibeto-Burman language of Nagaland. Asia-Pacific Linguistics. (cf. référence complète)
  • Yaden, Maongla. 2009. Phonetic and phonological description of tones in Chungli-Ao-Naga. (MA thesis, New Delhi: Jawaharlal Nehru University; viii+102pp.) (cf. référence complète)

Seules sont affichées les 100 premières référence. Pour une liste exhaustive sur Glottolog

Autres liens sur cette langue

Informations tirées de Lexvo.org, de dbpedia.org, de WALS, de PHOIBLE, et de Glottolog